Network security is a major part in cyber security practice, the key principles of network security are Confidential, Integrity, and availability. Confidentiality is protection of information from unauthorized disclosure or access, Integrity is prevention of information from damage or modification by unauthorized user, and Availability is to assure that information is available timely and uninterrupted. Network security must be implemented is way that information are protected from both unauthorized person outside of the network i.e from the internet and unauthorized person inside the network (network user).
Businesses around the world use the combination of Intrusion Detection System, Encryption Tools, Firewall, Anti Malware, Network monitoring and Security management system as Network Security Tools to protect their network attacks and unauthorized access. Network Security is the practice or process designed to protect network from unauthorized access or usage. This process targets a variety of threats and stops them from entering or spreading on your network.
Network security combines multiple layers of defenses at the edge and in the network. Network security engineer must have clear idea of what application and what layer of network security to protect, below are some types of network security.
Types of Network Security
- Access control
Not every user should have access to your network. To keep out potential attackers, you need to recognize each user and each device. Then you can enforce your security policies. You can block noncompliant endpoint devices or give them only limited access. This process is network access control (NAC).
- Antivirus and Antimalware software
“Malware,” short for “malicious software,” includes viruses, worms, Trojans, ransomware, and spyware. Sometimes malware will infect a network but lie dormant for days or even weeks. The best antimalware programs not only scan for malware upon entry, but also continuously track files afterward to find anomalies, remove malware, and fix damage.
- Application security
Any software you use to run your business needs to be protected, whether your IT staff builds it or whether you buy it. Unfortunately, any application may contain holes, or vulnerabilities, that attackers can use to infiltrate your network. Application security encompasses the hardware, software, and processes you use to close those holes.
- Health and Behavioral analytics
To detect abnormal network behavior, you must know what normal behavior looks like. Behavioral analytics tools automatically discern activities that deviate from the norm. Your security team can then better identify indicators of compromise that pose a potential problem and quickly remediate threats.
- Data security and Data loss prevention
Organizations must make sure that their staff does not send sensitive information outside the network. Data loss prevention, or DLP, technologies can stop people from uploading, forwarding, or even printing critical information in an unsafe manner.
- Email security
Email gateways are the number one threat vector for a security breach. Attackers use personal information and social engineering tactics to build sophisticated phishing campaigns to deceive recipients and send them to sites serving up malware. An email security application blocks incoming attacks and controls outbound messages to prevent the loss of sensitive data.
Firewalls put up a barrier between your trusted internal network and untrusted outside networks, such as the Internet. They use a set of defined rules to allow or block traffic. A firewall can be hardware, software, or both. Cisco offers unified threat management (UTM) devices and threat-focused next-generation firewalls.
- Intrusion prevention systems
An intrusion prevention system (IPS) scans network traffic to actively block attacks. Cisco Next-Generation IPS (NGIPS) appliances do this by correlating huge amounts of global threat intelligence to not only block malicious activity but also track the progression of suspect files and malware across the network to prevent the spread of outbreaks and reinfection.
- Mobile device security
Cybercriminals are increasingly targeting mobile devices and apps. Within the next 3 years, 90 percent of IT organizations may support corporate applications on personal mobile devices. Of course, you need to control which devices can access your network. You will also need to configure their connections to keep network traffic private.
- Network segmentation
Software-defined segmentation puts network traffic into different classifications and makes enforcing security policies easier. Ideally, the classifications are based on endpoint identity, not mere IP addresses. You can assign access rights based on role, location, and more so that the right level of access is given to the right people and suspicious devices are contained and remediated.
- Security information and event management
SIEM products pull together the information that your security staff needs to identify and respond to threats. These products come in various forms, including physical and virtual appliances and server software.
A virtual private network encrypts the connection from an endpoint to a network, often over the Internet. Typically, a remote-access VPN uses IPsec or Secure Sockets Layer to authenticate the communication between device and network.
- Web security
A web security solution will control your staff’s web use, block web-based threats, and deny access to malicious websites. It will protect your web gateway on site or in the cloud. “Web security” also refers to the steps you take to protect your own website.
- Wireless Security
Wireless networks are not as secure as wired ones. Without stringent security measures, installing a wireless LAN can be like putting Ethernet ports everywhere, including the parking lot. To prevent an exploit from taking hold, you need products specifically designed to protect a wireless network.
Network Security Architecture Designs – Network Security Architecture is the organization and design structure of hardware and software resources that protect an entire network from authorized access, use or disclosure of data.
Network security is not limited to protection for both insider and outsider threats. . Financial losses through cyber attack in any organization are usually carried out but network users inside a network. There are ways of Protection against insider threats. To reducing the risk and protection in a network, the combination of Intrusion Detection System, Encryption Tools, Firewall, Anti-Malware, Network monitoring and Security management system as Network Security Tools to protect the network from network attacks and unauthorized access. Read about Network Security Assessment to know more about the steps that need to be followed to prepare yourself for designing your secure network.
READ: Network Security Tools