Understanding what are cyber attacks is the first important thing to know before worrying about how you can secure your computer against them. Are you thinking that viruses are only attack that attackers use to hit your computer? The answers is no; there are many scary and harmful threats in cyber security. The types of common cyber attacks or cyber crimes usually conducted by cyber criminals and ways they conduct them are numerous in number. However, understanding types of cyber attacks and common cyber crimes is recommended.
Although there are many ways in which your computer can be attacked or exploited, and there are also many ways you can secure your personal computer and your company’s systems from cyber attacks. The following information is list of security basics for securing your computer or network from common cyber attacks.
How to Secure Computer and Network Against Cyber Attacks
1. Secure and update your Operating System and Applications
It is recommended to keep your operating system secured and updated by configuring basic security i.e.: Apply Security Setting on Microsoft Windows and Install updates / security patches when required or automatically. It also important to Update Installed Application Software like Browsers, Social Media Application and all software you have downloaded and running on your computer. You can update software by downloading and installing latest version of the software or use Software Updater Program to update them instead downloading and installing new one.
2. Install Good Anti-Virus and Anti-Spyware Software
Good Anti-Virus and Anti-Spyware Software gives you total protection against unwanted and harmful programs that destroy or change the function of your computer, it is mandated to install and use Strong Antivirus Software on your computer. The common motive for cyber attacks by criminals is to steal data and some sensitive and confidential information. Good Anti-Spyware Program protects computer against spyware programs and will always protect you from losing your any sensitive and confidential information.
3. Secure Your Internet Web Browser
As Web Browser is one of main target for hackers because of many activities that you do on it, Web Browser Basic Security Setting is necessary before using your web browser. Criminal hackers hack variety of information through web browser; your information like Emails, Passwords, Credit Card detail, Bank Account and other confidential and sensitive information. Internet web browser is not the only application running on your computer, It also important to Update Installed Application Software like Antivirus program, Word processor, Social Media program and all software you have downloaded and running on your computer. You can update software by downloading and installing latest version of the software or use Software Updater Program to update them instead of downloading and installing new one.
4. Turn on Firewall
A firewall is a network security system that monitors and controls incoming and outgoing network traffic based on predetermined security rules. In computer security, there are two categories of firewall namely Host Firewalls and Network Firewalls. On Microsoft Windows, there is inbuilt a firewall and it recommended to turn on firewall on Microsoft windows.
5. Use Strong Password
Password is important security in form of word or string of characters used for authenticating user to gain access to a resource. It recommended to be using Password Generator or creating strong passwords manually (by using Capital and Special character i.e.: &#@$(!) with your passwords)
6. Secure your Home Network
Securing your home or workplace network helps Protect your Network Against Common Cyber Attacks. Necessary security settings are done on network router, Configure your router and do Basic Network security Configuration on your home or workplace router keeps you safe from cyber attacks.
7. Surf Internet and Use Email with Caution
Both Email and Internet download are commonly used vehicle for delivering harmful program into your computer. Cybercriminals use Email Spoofing and Phishing Method in email that deceives you to click a link in order to steal your confidential information and download to disrupt the function of your computer. They usually include persuasive link in email and use fake email address to send the mail. You are advice to always observe email you receive before you click link included or download file attached. Good anti-virus and spyware installed may protect your computer from such attack.
Complete protection according to above information provided and regular protection updates by applying latest protection updates and repeating the same protection periodically; i.e monthly is recommended.
You also need to Create a system backup and restore your system if attacker become successful in carrying out attack on your computer, so backup will help you restore your attacked system.